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Friday, 20 October 2017

VMware Certification Tracks Defined

 If you are looking for VMware Certifcation Tracks, then this might be the information that you are looking for:-

Image taken from VMware Docs

For more info refer:-
https://mylearn.vmware.com/portals/certification/
https://mylearn.vmware.com/lcms/web/portals/certification/PathDiagrams/VMware_Certification_Tracks.pdf

Monday, 9 October 2017

Vembu BDR Suite Free vs. Paid Edition

Vembu is a leading software product development that has been  focussing on Backup and Disaster Recovery software for data centers over a decade. It’s flagship offering- the BDR Suite of products consists of VMBackup for VMware vSphere and Hyper-V, Disk Image backups for Physical machines, Workstations. Backing up individual files and folders to physical servers and cloud can be performed with Vembu Network Backup and Online Backup respectively.

Moreover, it has multiple flexible deployment like on-site, off-site and to the cloud through single user interface. Another offering of the Vembu BDR Suite is to be able to configure item level backups like Microsoft Exchange Servers, Sharepoint, SQL, My SQL, Office 365, G Suite etc., This latest version of Vembu BDR Suite v3.8.0 has come out with the few notable features in two major offerings- one unlimited features for three virtual machines and the second thing being able to backup unlimited virtual machines with restricted features.

This latest Free edition of Vembu BDR Suite was designed understanding the setbacks by any common IT Administrator. Thence  making Vembu an important name in the market for backup vendor for its enterprise level product for SMBs. This free edition is free forever and IT administrators can continue managing their backups with the trial version without any feature restriction. Let's take a plunge into the detailed features of this Free edition.


Unlimited features for Limited environment(3 VMs):

Using the Vembu BDR Suite in its trial version does not require purchasing a license. This category of the Free edition offers unlimited features and few of them are listed below:


  1. Agentless VMware backups for multiple VMs: Configuring backups for protecting multiple VMs without physically installing any agent.

  1. Disk Image Backups from BDR Server: Disk Image Backups can now be configured and managed via Vembu BDR Server. Relying on proxy agents is no longer required, unless it’s a distributed deployment which require individual proxy agent installation.

  1. Full VM Backup: Will backup the entire VM including OS, applications and the data.

  1. Storage Pooling: Storage Pools are used to aggregate the space available from different volumes and utilise them as a storage for specific backups. The hybrid volume manager of Vembu BDR Server supports scalable and extendable backup storage for different storage media such as Local drives, NAS(NFS and CIFS) and SAN(iSCSI and FC). Vembu BDR provides storage pooling option for both backup level and group level.

  1. LAN free data transfer using SAN and Hot- Add modes:Vembu VM backup support Direct SAN, Hot-Add and network transport mode to backup the VM data.

  1. Auto Authorization: Enabling Auto authorization in Vembu BDR allows proxy agents to get registered to backup server using unique registration key generated by respective BDR server.

  1. Automatic Backup Scheduling: Backups can be automatically scheduled as per the user's flexibility

  1. Encryption Settings: Users can now provide additional security to their disk based backup jobs by assigning custom-password to backup server, such that all their backup data will be encrypted and can be restored/accessed only by providing the custom-password.

  1. FLR from GUI (Backup & Replication): File Level Recovery(FLR) is now available for both backup and replication jobs where user can choose specific files and folders from VMware/Hyper-V/Disk Image backups and VMware replication, to be restored in a quick fashion.

All the above major features are included in this free edition for 3 virtual machines. Let’s get to know those restricted features for unlimited virtual machines.

Restricted Features for unlimited virtual machines:

All the features mentioned above for limited business environment will be applicable for this categories with few restrictions in the features. They are:

  1. Application aware processing: Configuring them for a Hyper-V environment is restricted but that does not hold good with VMware vSphere Esxi(s).

  1. Changed Block Tracking: Only the incremental blocks which are changed since the previous backup will been tracked and  backed up in the successive backup schedule thereby reducing disk space and time

  1. Retention Policies: User can retain any number of recovery points of his own choice. They come to great use when it comes to store the backup data.

  1. Near CDP: Incremental backup can be scheduled every 15 mins to ensure the RPO < than 15 mins

  1. Quick VM recovery to ESXi: Incremental backup can be scheduled every 15 mins to ensure the RPO < than 15 mins.

  1. Automated Backup verification: Verify the recoverability of the backed up images and screenshot of the booted Image backup will be mailed

Backup and recovery holds good for both physical and virtual environments and makes granular recovery possible with great ease.You will able to scale out your storage, secure your individual backup jobs with in-built deduplication, encryption and compression that makes its own file system called, the VembuHIVE.

This latest Free edition thus becomes one of the most business-friendly and a complete backup solution. That being said,  It can be suitable for both testing and production environments! Their out-of-the box policy- backup for all was hailed even at the recent VMworld event, Las Vegas.

Well, there is nothing left to ponder now. It’s time to make the right decision. It could be done right away with getting started with their Free edition of Vembu BDR Suite on a 30 days free trial. Click here.

Sunday, 8 October 2017

What’s New in VMware Horizon 7.3.1 & Horizon Client 4.6

Refer this Link:-
https://blogs.vmware.com/euc/2017/10/whats-new-in-vmware-horizon-7-3-1.html

An internal error occurred in vsphere client object reference not set to an instance of an object

Issue :- An internal error occurred in vsphere client object reference not set to an instance of an object One of my client was getting this error message when connecting to vCenter Server from vSphere Client

Solution :- vSphere Client is discontinued in vSphere 6.5. Use vSphere Client (New HTML 5 Based), vSphere Web Client. Statement given below is from the release notes of the Product:-
As of vSphere 6.5, VMware is discontinuing the installable desktop vSphere Client, one of the clients provided in vSphere 6.0 and earlier. vSphere 6.5 does not support this client and it is not included in the product download. vSphere 6.5 introduces the new HTML5-based vSphere Client, which ships with vCenter Server alongside the vSphere Web Client. Not all functionality in the vSphere Web Client has been implemented for the vSphere Client in the vSphere 6.5 release.

Saturday, 7 October 2017

10 Top Troubleshooting Issues for VMware Horizon


Source:-
YouTube

VMware Horizon 7.3.1: New Desktop & App Shortcuts

This feature improves the user experience by adding desktop and application shortcuts to the Start menu of Windows client devices.

You can use Horizon Administrator to create shortcuts for the following types of Horizon 7 resources:
  • Published applications
  • Desktops
  • Global entitlements
Shortcuts appear in the Windows Start menu and are configured by IT. Shortcuts can be categorized into folders.
Users can choose at login whether to have shortcuts added to the Start menu on their Windows endpoint device.

What's the Impact of Deleting the Snapshot of Parent VM in VMware Horizon View Automated Linked Clone Desktop Pool

In VMware Horizon View Desktop Pools, One of the desktop pool type is Automated Desktop Pool and Under Automated Desktop Pools there are two types of User Assignment
1. Dedicated
2. Floating
In Dedicated, One can refresh the machines at logoff optionally and In Floating, One can optionally Delete or Refresh the machines at logoff.

Now the question is, what is the Impact of Deleting the Snapshot of Parent VM in VMware Horizon View Automated Linked Clone Desktop Pool??????
Scenario 1: Pool User Assignment Type is Floating and Pool is configured with Delete or Refresh at Logoff
If Snapshot of Parent VM is Deleted, You will see following error in your desktop pool summary tab and provisioning gets automatically disabled.


Scenario 2: Pool User Assignment Type is Dedicated and Pool is configured with Refresh at Logoff
If Snapshot of Parent VM is Deleted, You will see same error as in the above screenshot in your desktop pool summary tab and provisioning gets automatically disabled.

Scenario 3: Pool User Assignment Type is Dedicated and Pool is configured with Do not Refresh at Logoff
If Snapshot of Parent VM is Deleted, There will be no impact on your desktop pool. But if you are increasing the max. number of machines in your desktop pool then new provisioning won't work.

How to Handle this Issue in Scenario 1 and Scenario 2:-
In my case, i have not done any changes in Parent VM other than deleting the Snapshot
1. Take a New Snapshot
2. Enable Provisioning at Desktop Pool
2. Take "Recompose" Action
Note:- Parent VM and Its Snapshot is Important if in your environment Scenario 1 and Scenario 2 is Used.

How to Change Disk Provisioning Type From Thick to Thin of a VM that has Snapshots?

Question: Few days back someone asked me how to Convert Disk Provisioning Type From Thick to Thin of a VM that has Snapshots.

Answer: Use Storage vMotion

Monday, 2 October 2017

What is Desktop Virtualization?

Desktop Virtualization is the concept of isolating a logical OS instance from client that is used to access it. Not all the forms of desktop virtualization used VMs.

Types of Desktop Virtualization Technologies
1. Host Based VMs = In this each users connects to the individual VM hosted in the datacenter at 1:1 ratio. They may get the same desktop every time in case of persistent or dedicated desktop or they may get different desktop in case of non-persistent or floating desktop.

2. Shared Hosted = Users connect to a shared desktop that runs on a server. Microsoft RDS based desktops are the example of this shared hosted.

3. Host Based Physical Machines = OS runs on another device physical hardware.

Wednesday, 27 September 2017

VMware Horizon View Agent Direct-Connect Plugin Hands-On

One of the great new features of VMware Horizon View 5.3 or later versions is the ability for any Horizon Client to connect directly to a Horizon View desktop without using View Connection Server. VWhat Is the

Horizon View Agent Direct-Connection For?
This new feature is intended to allow Horizon View to be deployed to support some specific additional use cases. These use cases include the following:
DaaS – Multi-tenant Desktop-as-a-Service (DaaS) deployments such as those used with Desktone technology. Newly acquired by VMware, the Desktone platform enables service providers to deliver Windows desktops as a subscription service.
Branch offices – Branch office and retail store environments where VMware vSphere hosts running Horizon View desktops are deployed in multiple locations, and View Clients connect locally within each location without being constrained by WAN performance and reliability. Several VMware partners have incorporated this feature into their branch office solutions for Horizon View.
Brokerless Horizon View desktops – Simple 1:1 deployments where full brokering from View Connection Server is not needed.

How to Install the VADC Plugin

1. Download the VADC plugin installer from VMware Website and Run it.


2. On the Welcome page click on Next


3. Accept the License Agreement


4. On configuration information page after required modification click on Next


5. Click on Install


How to Connect with VDI Desktop Running with VADC Plug-in

1. Add Your VDI Desktop as New Server


2. Click on Continue on Certificate Warning Page


3. Provide Authentication details


4. Now VDI Desktop is connected directly by using Horizon Client


For More Information:-
https://blogs.vmware.com/euc/2013/11/vmware-horizon-view-agent-direct-connection-vadc.html

Tuesday, 26 September 2017

Unable to delete Tenant in vRA 7 with Error "System Exception"

Today i was trying to delete a tenant in vRA 7 and it was not working. Error was "System Exception"
Solution:-
It is documented in this KB
This is known Issue and currently there is no solution. Only workaround is available to handle this issue.
  1. Take a snapshot or backup of your vRA appliance(s).
  2. Copy this script into a file and save it as recover-tenant.sh on your vRA appliance in the  /tmp directory.

    #!/bin/bash
    export PYTHONIOENCODING=utf8

    administrator_password=${1?"Usage: $0 <SSO ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD> <TENANT ID> [HOST]"}
    tenant_id=${2?"Usage: $0 <SSO ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD> <TENANT ID> [HOST]"}
    host="${3:-localhost}"

    token=$(curl -v -s -S -k -X POST -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-type: application/json" -d '{"username":"administrator","password":"'"$administrator_password"'","tenant":"vsphere.local"}' 
    https://$host/identity/api/tokens/ | \
       python -c "import sys, json; print json.load(sys.stdin)['id']")
    tenant=$(curl -v -s -S -k -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-type: application/json" -H "Authorization: Bearer $token" 
    https://$host/identity/api/tenants/$tenant_id )
    tenant=$(curl -v -s -S -k -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-type: application/json" -H "Authorization: Bearer $token" -X PUT -d "$tenant" 
    https://$host/identity/api/tenants/$tenant_id )
    echo $tenant

  3. Grant execution permissions to the file by running the command:

    chmod +x /tmp/recover-tenant.sh
  4. Execute the file by running the command:

    /tmp/recover-tenant.sh <SSO ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD>


    Note: Replace <SSO ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD> with your administrator@vsphere.local password.
  5. Capture the output of the script's execution, this may be needed in case of failure or if the issue is not resolved.
  6. Attempt to remove the tenant from the vRA UI again.

Friday, 22 September 2017

Monthly Patch Program for VMware vCenter Server Appliance Photon OS

VMware is now introducing a new Monthly Security Patch Program for the VCSA. The program will deliver important OS vulnerability patches on a monthly release cycle. VMware will monitor and fix any newly discovered OS vulnerabilities.

To know more refer these links:-
https://blogs.vmware.com/vsphere/2017/09/monthly-security-patch-program-vcenter-server-appliance-vcsa.html
https://blogs.vmware.com/security/2017/09/security-patches-vmware-vcenter-server-appliance-photon-os.html
https://docs.vmware.com/en/VMware-vSphere/6.5/rn/vcenter-server-appliance-photonos-security-patches.html

Horizon Client Version 4.6 for Windows

Yesterday on 21st September 2017 VMware released new version of Horizon Client for Windows. This latest version has some new key features listed below:-

  • Support for pre-launched applications
    A Horizon 7 administrator can configure a published application so that an application session is launched before you open the published application in Horizon Client. When a published application is pre-launched, the application opens more quickly in Horizon Client. This feature requires Horizon 7 version 7.2 or later on the server.
  • Support for server-created Start menu shortcuts for remote desktops and published applications
    A Horizon 7 administrator can configure Start menu shortcuts for remote desktops and published applications. If you are entitled to remote desktops or published applications that have shortcuts, Horizon Client places the shortcuts in the Start menu on your local system when you connect to the server. This feature requires Horizon 7 version 7.3 or later on the server.
  • HTML5 multimedia redirection with Chrome
    A Horizon 7 administrator can configure the HTML5 Multimedia Redirection feature to redirect HTML5 multimedia content from a remote desktop to your local system when you use the Chrome browser. Because your local system plays the HTML5 multimedia content, you have a better audio and video experience. The HTML5 Multimedia Redirection feature is enabled by default in Horizon Client during installation. A Horizon 7 administrator must enable HTML5 Multimedia Redirection in the remote desktop during Horizon Agent installation. Horizon Agent 7.3 is required.
  • New command-line properties for the Horizon Client for Windows installer
    The following command-line properties have been added to the Horizon Client for Windows installer:
    • INSTALL_HTML5MMR - specifies whether to install HTML5 Multimedia Redirection support.
    • REMOVE - specifies the features not to install.
    • STARTMENU_SHORTCUT - specifies whether to create a Start menu shortcut for Horizon Client on your local system.
  • Support for UNC paths with client drive redirection
    You can now use the client drive redirection feature to redirect mapped drives that have UNC (Universal Naming Convention) paths.
  • USB redirection support in nested mode
    The USB redirection feature is now supported when you use Horizon Client in nested mode.
  • SHA-256 support
    Horizon Client has been updated to support the SHA-256 cryptographic hash algorithm.
  • OpenSSL 1.0.2l support
    The OpenSSL library is updated to version openssl-1.0.2l.
For more info refer:-
https://docs.vmware.com/en/VMware-Horizon-Client-for-Windows/4.6/rn/horizon-client-windows-46-release-notes.html

Select Specific Monitors in a Multiple-Monitor Setup

Horizon Client 4.3 or later support selectin of sepecific monitor in a multiple monitor setup. You can use the selective multiple-monitor feature to select the monitors on which to display a remote desktop window. For example, if you have three monitors, you can specify that the remote desktop window appears on only two of those monitors. By default, a remote desktop window appears on all monitors in a multiple-monitor setup.
You can select up to four adjacent monitors. The monitors can be side by side, stacked two by two, or stacked vertically. A maximum of two monitors can be stacked vertically.

This feature is not supported for remote applications.

Procedure
1
Start Horizon Client and log in to a server.
2
In the desktop and application selection window, right-click the remote desktop and select Settings.
3
Select PCoIP or VMware Blast from the Connect Via drop-down menu.
4
Select All Monitors from the Display drop-down menu.
Thumbnails of the monitors that are currently connected to your client system appear under Display settings. The display topology matches the display settings on your client system.
5
Click a thumbnail to select or deselect a monitor on which to display the remote desktop window.
When you select a monitor, its thumbnail turns green. A warning message appears if you violate a display selection rule.
6
Click Apply to save your changes.
7
Click OK to close the dialog box.
8
Connect to the remote desktop.
Your changes are applied immediately when you connect to the remote desktop. Your changes are saved in the Horizon Client preferences file for the remote desktop after you exit from Horizon Client.

Display Scaling Feature in VMware Horizon Client

A user who has a high-resolution screen such as a 4K monitor, or who has poor eyesight, generally has scaling enabled by setting the DPI (Dots Per Inch) on the client machine to greater than 100 percent. With the Display Scaling feature, the remote desktop or application supports the client machine's scaling setting, and the remote desktop or application appears normal-sized instead of very small.
Horizon Client saves the display scaling setting for each remote desktop separately. For remote applications, the display scaling setting applies to all remote applications that are available to the currently logged-in user. The display scaling setting appears, even if the DPI setting is 100 percent on the client machine.
An administrator can hide the display scaling setting by enabling the Horizon Client Locked Guest Size group policy setting. Enabling the Locked Guest Size group policy setting does not disable the DPI Synchronization feature. To disable the DPI Synchronization feature, an administrator must disable the DPI Synchronization group policy setting.
In a multiple-monitor setup, using display scaling does not affect the number of monitors and the maximum resolutions that Horizon Client supports. When display scaling is allowed and in effect, scaling is based on the DPI setting of the primary monitor.
This procedure describes how to enable the Display Scaling feature before you connect to a remote desktop or application. You can enable the Display Scaling feature after you connect to a remote desktop by selecting Options > Allow Display Scaling.

Setup the Display Scaling in Horizon Client Windows Operating System
1. Access the Control Panel  > Appearance and Personalization


2. Click on make text and other items larger or smaller





3. Adjust the size > click on apply. You will be prompted for sign out and sign in back to apply these changes


4. Start Horizon Client and connect to a server.

5. In the desktop and application selection window, right-click the remote desktop or application and select Settings.

6. Select the Allow display scaling check box. Click Apply to save your changes. Click OK to close the dialog box. Now you can experience same display scaling in your VD session.

Monday, 18 September 2017

IoT vs IoE vs M2M

Link given below:-
http://blog.aeris.com/ioe-vs.-iot-vs.-m2m-what-s-the-difference-and-does-it-matter

What is IoT (Internet of Things)?




Source:-
YouTube Channel

Friday, 15 September 2017

Application Licensing in VMware App Volume

Many customers have asked if application virtualization could reduce software licensing costs, and my answer has always been simple—ask your application vendor. For Microsoft Office, the answer is no. None of the application virtualization solutions for Microsoft Office will reduce Office licensing costs. All Microsoft Office applications purchased as a software product are licensed per device, where “device” is a physical or virtual system that runs Microsoft Office applications or a system that is used to access Office applications remotely. Each license permits only one user to access the software at a time. The only exception to this rule is the subscription-based model that is licensed per user. Also important to note is that neither of the following purchase scenarios permits network use:
  • Microsoft Office retail purchase (the fully packaged product)
  • Acquisition of Office with hardware that includes the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) licensing

In other words, for most VDI scenarios you can use only Microsoft Office editions that are available with Microsoft volume licensing. These include Office Professional Plus 2013, Office Standard 2013, and Office 365 ProPlus. You cannot use Office Home & Student or Office Personal editions on VDI.

Horizon 7 - URL Content Redirection

Source:-
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vIKaK6Oo5MM

Friday, 1 September 2017

Mind Map of VMware Horizon 7 Desktop Pools

Tried Putting my thoughts on VMware Horizon Desktop Pools in the form of Mind Map.

I hope this is helpful for VMware Horizon beginners.

How to Find VMware Products available for Public Evaluation?

VMware provides two ways for you to try our products free for 60 days:
https://www.vmware.com/in/try-vmware.html
  • Hands-on Labs allow you to experience products in a virtual lab environment anytime, anywhere. No installation, license or special hardware is required, and you can get started in just minutes.
  • Evaluation versions of products can be downloaded and installed in your own environment and are fully-functional for a limited time.
There is always confusion among the Admins those who want to learn VMware Solutions that Which VMware Product is available for Public Evaluation and Which one is not? Let me share how you can find this:-

1. Open this URL https://www.vmware.com/in/try-vmware.html
2. Expand the categories to check which product is available for Public Evaluation and which one can only be used in H.O.L (Hands on Labs)